The knee is the largest joint in the body. It is a major weight-bearing joint and is one of the most frequently injured joints in the human body.
Knee pain can have a number of different causes and can be painful and debilitating and although some conditions may require surgery many can be helped with the right advice, exercise and treatment.
The knee joint lies between the femur and tibia and at the front is the patella or kneecap. It is made up of a number of structures including ligaments, muscles, capsule, synovial membrane and two ‘c’ shaped pieces of cartilage which sit between the femur and tibia known as the menisci.
Damage, strain or sprain to the structures of the knee can give rise to symptoms. It can be the result of a sudden injury as often seen in sports injuries or by repeatedly placing strain on an area of the knee. Poor alignment of the knee or kneecap and altered joint mechanics in relation to other joints such as the hips and knees are often significant. Osteoarthritis or wear and tear is a common condition that affects the knee.
Common symptoms in the knee include pain, stiffness, aching, pain, locking, swelling, limping and difficulty fully straightening or bending the knee.
X-rays, scans and other tests are sometimes required to make a diagnosis and your Osteopath may refer to your GP or a specialist for any additional investigations or treatment.
The foot and ankle is a complex region made up of a number of small bones interconnected by ligaments, muscles and fascia all working together to give the strength, stability and flexibility the foot and ankle needs to function properly.
Problems with the foot and ankle not only lead to pain and difficulty when walking but may also be the underlying cause of problems in other areas such as the knees, hips and spine, even headaches in some cases!
Ligament sprains, Achilles tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, fallen arches, metatarsalgia and mechanical problems with the joints of the foot are all conditions which can be treated and improved with Osteopathy.
Your Osteopath may offer specific balancing, strengthening or loosening exercises and may offer advice on strapping and brace supports, footwear and any lifestyle factors that might be hindering healing. Alternatively, you may be referred to a podiatrist if specialist foot supports are required.